Tag Archives: learning


“Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations” 

Managers in integrated supply chains have looked beyond traditional boundaries to interfirm relationships to manage risk and advance corporate social responsibility (CSR) as consumers have shown concern with environment and societal issues. Purchasing social responsibility (PSR) has become a means of advancing CSR strategies. The problem is that it is not known if sustainability reporting is a true reflection of socially responsible purchasing designed to satisfy stakeholder demand. The purpose of this quantitative study was to compare, analyze, and evaluate the dimensions of PSR based on whether a firm identified with voluntary public sustainability reporting. After a pilot study, research commenced with distribution of the Purchasing Social Responsibility Questionnaire (PSRQ). Seventy-eight participants represented a random sample of purchasing managers from North American publicly held firms. Respondents indicated identification with voluntary public sustainability reporting. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was conducted to analyze differences in PSR engagement in diversity, environment, human rights, philanthropy/community, and safety. The overall MANOVA was not significant, F(5, 72) = 1.38, p = .240. Some assumptions of MANOVA were not confirmed and nonparametric Mann-Whitney tests were performed to supplement. The results were not significant for PSRQ Diversity scores, z = -1.68, p = .092, PSRQ Environmental scores, z = -1.06, p = .291, PSRQ Human Rights scores, z = -.08, p = .939, PSRQ Philanthropy/Community scores, z = -.32, p = .749, or PSRQ Safety scores, z = -1.16, p = .245. Findings confirmed results from MANOVA that the two groups did not differ on any of the five dependent PSR variables.  Evaluating PSR dimensions in firms identified with sustainability addressed the application of stakeholder theory and provided insight into elements that distinguish strategic buyer-supplier relationships within integrated supply chains. Future research is needed into PSR alignment and standards development of sustainability reporting by industries, sectors, business models, and geographies. This research adds to knowledge of the integration of socially and environmentally responsible actions into corporate strategy and revealed that firms without public reporting of sustainable activities have imitated those that do, and sustainable initiatives have been adopted as normal strategic imperatives for business success.



Intentional Professional Development. (February 11, 2014). Keynote Speaker, APICS Richmond Chapter Professional Development Meeting.

Peer reviewer for 2012, 2013, 2014 IBAM 20 Papers: Institute for Behavioral and Applied Management

Peer reviewer for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 Academy of Management (AOM): Social Issues in Management (SIM), and Organization & Management Theory (OMT)

Wolfe, C. (2012). Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. Dissertation.

Certificate, Principles of Lean Thinking 101: OEM Consultants, Inc.

Wolfe, C., & Burgess, D. (2012). Unlocking the Microbusiness Puzzle I. Presented at Conducting Scholarship in the Workplace/Classroom Symposium, University of Phoenix Northern Virginia, Reston, VA.

Wolfe, C. (2010).  Product Placement and Viral Buzz: New Ethical Dilemmas.  Journal of Business Management and Entrepreneurship (JOBME), 1(9).

Wolfe, C. (2009).  10 ways to Ensure Distance Learning SuccesseLearn Magazine, (12).

Wolfe, C., and Burgess, D. (2013). Richmond-Virginia Beach Scholarship Workshop. Presented via online conference:  http://youtu.be/IwoQ6BNJLg8

Wolfe, C., & Burgess, D. (2013). Idea Generation: Microbusiness Workshop Project. University of Phoenix Richmond-Virginia Beach Faculty Showcase Poster Presentation.


Wolfe, C. (2013). Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. University of Phoenix Richmond-Virginia Beach Faculty Showcase Poster Presentation.


Current academic projects:

Unlocking the Microbusiness Puzzle II

Implementing Boyer Model Faculty Scholarship at the Local Campus 

Supply Chain


The SCOR® Model

“The Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR®) is the world standard for supply chain management, a model that provides a unique framework for defining and linking performance metrics, processes, best practices, and people into a unified structure.”


“APICS is the leading professional association for supply chain and operations management and the premier provider of research, education and certification programs that elevate end-to-end supply chain excellence, innovation and resilience. APICS Certified in Production and Inventory Management (CPIM) and APICS Certified Supply Chain Professional (CSCP) designations set the industry standard. With over 37,000 members and more than 250 international partners, APICS is transforming the way people do business, drive growth and reach global customers.”

ISM Institute of Supply Management

“The Institute for Supply Management™ (ISM) is the first supply management institute in the world. Since 1915, ISM has executed and extended its mission through education, research, standards of excellence and information dissemination — including the renowned monthly ISM Report On Business® — and maintains a strong global influence among individuals and organizations.”

Helpful Links

Free video library resources on many topics, including math, science, management, economics, and more: Khan Academy

Free courses sponsored by MIT: MIT OpenCourseware

APA 6th Edition Style:

Purdue OWL Writing Lab

Editorial: Evidence-Based Guidelines for Avoiding the Most Common APA Errors in
Journal Article Submissions  by Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, Julie P. Combs, John R. Slate, and Rebecca K. Frels
Sam Houston State University

From the abstract: In this editorial, we provide evidence-based guidelines to help authors avoid committing APA
errors. Specifically, we provide guidelines for adhering to APA style using findings from Combs,
Onwuegbuzie, and Frels’ (2010) mixed analysis of 110 manuscripts submitted to Research in the
Schools over a 6-year period. Combs et al. identified the 60 most common APA errors grouped into
14 themes. We contend that an efficient way for authors to learn APA style is to focus initially on
these common errors and error themes. Further, we contend that these errors provide useful
starting points for persons who teach APA style. Finally, authors of the APA Publication Manual
might use this information to determine which rules and guidelines to emphasize.

Here is some handy information about APA Levels:  

To download: Right click, save as link  APA Levels

Teaching Philosophy

“Who dares to teach must never cease to learn.”  — John Cotton Dana

The beauty of learning is that it is truly a voluntary process; we cannot force anyone to learn.  We can teach and talk, show and explain, but until the student captures truth in his mind, our words as an instructor have little meaning.  It is therefore critical for the teacher to become as a student and discover personal motivation for learning to encourage others to do the same.  The most influential educators in my life have been those who have challenged and encouraged me, and then wisely stepped back to allow personal discovery.  I have found that learning makes me thirsty to learn more; my goal is to create a desire for learning such as this in my students.

An effective teacher must have practical knowledge and insight into the subject.  The educator must keep abreast of developments in the field and develop methods to communicate these to the students.  Reading current materials on the subject, as well as participating in conferences and workshops, will keep the course material relevant and fresh.  I learn from my peers through journals and discussions and glean best practices for leading my class.  Business acumen gained from professional work and managerial responsibilities creates opportunities to share experiences in the classroom.

Application is central to true learning.  When students are able to validate truths and see relevance, learning happens.  Adults learn best when learning builds upon their experience and the knowledge they bring to the class.  It is my job to help the students see the connection between what happens in the classroom to what happens outside in the “real world.”

Effective learning skills include problem-solving, comprehension, and critical thinking.  Realizing that individuals learn in many different ways, I use various teaching methods to bring topics into focus.  In a typical classroom session, the student may solve a puzzle, perform small group work, take a quiz, and discuss a current event.  Using cases, scenarios, and real-life examples, business theories move from the abstract to the relevant.  Challenging students to think on their own and creating a safe environment where they can voice their ideas is key to engaging even the most hesitant learner.

The global nature of our culture makes effective communication skills essential to success.  Helping students develop writing and presentation skills is critical.  Good writing and reading go hand-in-hand, and so I encourage the students to read at every opportunity.  Timely feedback is a vital role as instructor, and so I use constructive suggestions and offer encouragement.

Adults who return to school are motivated by something: career advancement, better pay, or perhaps a fresh start.  If the teacher can discover the student’s motivation and build upon it by being caring and supportive, the student will become an enthusiastic learner.  My job is to be a loyal encourager and partner in learning.  Motivating students to take responsibility for their own education and helping them find ways to apply it fuels my passion for teaching.  It is my great pleasure to have the opportunity to teach, and therefore to learn.

Cynthia J. Wolfe, Ph.D., CSCP, PMP



Welcome to my homepage and portfolio, where students and colleagues will find important information under the Topics and Helpful Links pages.  You can also find a little bit About Me and explore some of my Projects.

I teach campus and online undergraduate and graduate business courses at several universities while working full-time for well-known paper company.  I earned my Ph.D. in Business Administration-Management from Northcentral University, Prescott Valley, AZ. My dissertation was entitled Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations. I earned a BS in Enviromental Science and an MBA from Troy University, Troy, AL, and Phenix City, AL. I am a Certified Supply Chain Professional (CSCP) and a Project Management Professional (PMP).  Read my CV here.

I attended graduate school as an adult working full-time, so I have first-hand experience and understand the challenges facing adult learners who must juggle home, work, and school.  I was a distance-learning student for part of graduate school, and I am well-acquainted with the commitment this modality requires and the level of communication necessary for success.

My work in supply chain operations and the FinTech industry allows me to bring a holistic and practical mindset to curriculum development and instruction. As a leader at work and school, I am responsible for building and shaping the skill sets of those around me. I believe there is a need for individuals such as myself, with both business and academic credentials, to take a leadership role in colleges and universities, which are likewise tasked to bridge the gap between business and academia.

If you have questions, comments, or suggestions for this website, contact me.

Cynthia J. Wolfe, Ph.D., CSCP, PMP